Types of treatment
Treatment typically involves removing or destroying any abnormal tissue. The recommended treatment depends on the type of cells and where they are on your cervix.
You are more than welcome to talk through your options with your doctor, and to bring a friend or someone else for support along with you.
Here are some of the treatment methods your colposcopy clinic nurse or doctor may discuss with you.
LLETZ (Large Loop Excision of the Transformation Zone) treatment uses an electrical wire loop to remove abnormal cervical cells. It is often performed under local anaesthetic. The tissue removed is sent to the laboratory for testing afterwards.
Laser treatment uses the heat of a laser beam to remove or destroy abnormal cervical cells. It is performed under local anaesthetic.
Diathermy uses heat to destroy abnormal cervical cells. It is performed under local anaesthetic.
In a cone biopsy, a cone-shaped section of the cervix containing the abnormal tissue is surgically removed. It is performed either under local or general anaesthetic. The tissue will be sent to a lab for testing afterwards.
A total hysterectomy is an operation to remove the uterus and cervix. It is performed under general anaesthetic.
Hysterectomies are only rarely advised. Usually when women choose this option, it is because they have finished having children and have other problems a hysterectomy can treat (like heavy bleeding).
Even after treatment you should continue to get smear tests regularly